38th ANNUAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION FORUM
Promoting Health through Individual and Social Means
March 14-16, 2018
Deadline: __________ (to be announced)
This document includes the guidelines for the submission of abstracts. These guidelines have been revised and approved by the Forum's Organizing Committee. All abstracts must be submitted electronically.
Before you start:
- Read all the instructions and guidelines.
- Do not assume that instructions, criteria and procedures are the same as for past forums or any other conference, association or convention.
- All abstracts must be submitted online.
- Only registered fellows, residents and students are eligible to compete for the Student Awards.
- Provide all the information requested as part of the abstract submission process at the forum website:
The following guidelines have been revised to assure that all faculty members, fellows, residents, students and employees have clear and concise information for the submission of abstracts for the 38th Annual Research and Education Forum. Instructions for presentations, abstract write up, samples and poster preparation are available in a separate section at the website.
A researcher may be the first author in only one abstract, but may appear as co-author in more than one. The first author or co-author must present the work at the Forum.
III. Eligibility Criteria:
Faculty members, fellows, residents, students and employees from all UPR campuses, and other academic or health-related institutions, are invited to submit abstracts in a diversity of research perspectives and methods in any of the categories listed in Section IX of this document. Only completed and properly prepared abstracts will be considered for acceptance. Only registered students and residents are eligible to compete for the Student Awards (see Student Award Competition instructions/link).
Abstracts submitted on or before ________ can be withdrawn via an official written request to the Forum Organizing Committee at this email address: firstname.lastname@example.org. The abstract and its related information will be deleted from the Forum Abstract database. After the _________. can be withdrawn via an official, the abstract will enter in the evaluation process and cannot be withdrawn. (No withdrawals, changes or amendments will be accepted after the deadline)
V. Abstract Selection:
Abstracts will be evaluated by at least two reviewers selected from the faculty of the University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, faculty of other universities, clinicians and researchers from health-related institutions. Each reviewer will send his/her recommendations to the Organizing Committee. The main criterion of evaluation will be the quality of the research or education project, as reflected in the abstract. Evaluations will be made according to the following criteria: general objectives, congruency of the title with the content, information presented in accordance to the guidelines, relation with the selected category of the forum (see Section IX in this document) and inclusion of the elements requested in the general guidelines. Special attention will be given to the study design and relevant statistical analysis, as well as innovation and impact of the work. Abstracts with a score of 70% or more will be considered for presentation.
The Scientific Subcommittee will submit recommendations to the Organizing Committee for final approval. The Organizing Committee reserves the right to reclassify submitted abstracts to the most appropriate category and type of presentation. The Committee will try to assign the abstract to your selected presentation preference. However, the possibility exists that some oral presentations could be accepted for poster presentations, or vice versa.
VI. Publication of Abstracts:
All accepted abstracts will be published as submitted in a digital special issue (no printed issue), “Abstract Supplement”, of the Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal (PRHSJ).
VII. Notification of programming:
The authors will be notified, via e-mail, the status of their abstracts no later than ___________. It is a requirement for the author or co-author, to present the work, either oral or poster, at the assigned date and time of the Forum.
VIII. Abstract Submission Instructions:
- Abstracts can be submitted in either Spanish or English.
- Abstracts should be submitted online through the Forum Website: http://foroanual.rcm.upr.edu
- Access the Call for Abstracts area and follow the instructions.
- All abstracts must be received no later than 11:59 pm on ____________.
- You must certify that all co-authors and mentors (if applicable) have read and approved the abstract before including their names on it.
IX. Submitting your abstract:
A. Types of works accepted
i. Research Project
- Basic Sciences – Studies to increase the knowledge and understating of the fundamentals aspects of a particular field of study.
- Applied Sciences - Research dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems.
- Epidemiology - Studies of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events (including disease) and their application to the control of diseases and other health problems.
- Clinical/Translational Research - Translation of biomedical discoveries into new approaches to diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of human illnesses.
- Educational Research - Basic, applied, and developmental research conducted to advance knowledge in the field of education or bearing on educational problems.
ii. Educational Projects
- Initiatives to examine the effectiveness or contribution of educational programs, practices and policies, including the applications of technology to instruction and assessment. Educational demonstrative projects that focus on health promotion through innovative techniques or strategies.
iii. Case Reports
- A research modality that focuses on the characteristics, circumstances, and complexities of a single case, often using multiple methods. The case is viewed as being valued in its own right and while findings can raise awareness of general issues, the aim is not to generalize the findings to other cases.
iv. Health Policy Analysis
- Research that produces relevant information to support, modify, or reject a course of action to solve a public problem related to health and the health sciences. Policy analysis can be proposed from disciplines such as economics, political economy, history, sociology, geography, and ethics.
v. Evidence Based Practice Projects
- A project using the best available evidence, clinical expertise, and patient’s (participant’s) values and preferences for making decisions to improve outcomes for individuals, groups, communities, and organizations (Melnyk & Fineout-Overholt, 2015).
B. Abstracts must be organized into the required format based upon the abstract category, as specified below.
i. The abstract of a Research or Educational Project should contain:
- Background & Objectives
- A brief description of the significance of the work presented. Include the study’s aim/goal, the scientific question and hypothesis, if applicable.
- Brief description of the study design, procedures, strategies, and/or activities.
- Summary of the preliminary of final results obtained. It is NOT satisfactory to say: “The results will be presented.”
- A statement about the conclusions reached, future directions.
- Funding Sources, Conflict of Interests Disclosures, etc.
ii. The abstract of a Case Report should contain:
- A rationale for presenting the case.
- Case description
- Clinical features of the case including history and physical exam findings
- Clinical Approach
- A summary of diagnostic and treatment protocol
- Clinical findings
- A summary of the follow up and results. It is NOT satisfactory to say: “The findings will be presented.”
- Research questions generated
- Funding Sources, Conflict of Interests Disclosures, etc.
iii. The abstract of a Health Policy Analysis should contain:
- Public Policy Under Analysis
- Identify the specific public policy to be analyzed.
- Academic Discipline and Theoretical Framework
- Identify the discipline informing the analysis and, if relevant, the theory behind the research.
- Sources of Information
- Present the information sources used in the analysis.
- Research Methods
- Describe the research methods, according to the standards of the discipline previously identified.
- Present research findings. It is NOT satisfactory to say: “The findings will be presented.”
- Implications for Public Policy
- Explain the relevance of these findings to support, modify or reject the public policy that is being analyzed.
- Funding Sources, Conflict of Interests Disclosures, etc.
iv. The abstract of an Evidence-Based Practice Project should contain:
- Clinical Question
- Include the evidence-based practice (EBP) question using Patient/Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Time (PICOT) format
- Identify the problem, current practice, and relevance of the project.
- Literature Review
- Summarize the evidence found in the literature that supports practice changes.
- Project Implementation
- Describe the process used to implement the EBP project.
- Present EPB project implementation findings. Present EBP Project implementation findings. Projects without results or indicating that results will be presented will not be considered.
- Practice Implication
- Explain the implications and recommendations for practice based on EBP project results.
- Funding Sources, Conflict of Interests Disclosures, Collaborators, etc.
C. Abstracts should not contain Tables, Figures, or References.
D. The abstract’s title should contain a maximum of 150 characters, including spaces. The total length of the abstract should not exceed 250 words, excluding title, authors, and affiliations. IMPORTANT: Any text longer than the specified number of characters will be truncated.
E. Write the following sentence if appropriate: “Approved by IRB or IACUC”. (Make sure to include the protocol number(s) of approval in the IRB/IACUC box in the electronic abstract submission at the 37th Forum Web Page).
F. Example of Abstracts
Sample Abstract for Research Project:
Sample Abstract for Educational Project:
Sample Abstract for a Case Report:
Sample Abstract for a Health Policy Analysis:
Sample Abstract for a Evidence Based Practice Projects:
Use of peripheral neuromuscular monitor for the evaluation of adult patient exposed to neuromuscular blockers during anesthesia
Virginia Fernández Paulino, Marta Rivero Méndez, Milagros Figueroa Ramos. University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, School of Nursing, Nurse Anesthesia Program, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Clinical Question: In adult patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery with general anesthesia (P) How does the use of peripheral neuromuscular stimulator to monitor neuromuscular blockers (NMB) (I) compared to standard monitoring (C) affect occurrence of residual paralysis (O) during postoperative period?
Scope: In clinical practice, anesthetists use subjective methods (observation and patient movements) to estimate effects of neuromuscular blockers. Residual paralysis may occur if NMB are not monitored appropriately. Literature Review: Neuromuscular blockers are indispensable drugs for different surgical procedures. The cumulative and persistent effect of these during the postoperative period is known as residual paralysis. This causes patients to have respiratory complications, like hypoxemia and acute respiratory failure. The recommended EBP is that PNS should be used as a method of objective monitoring. Project Implementation: This project was conducted in the preoperative, surgical and postoperative areas of a Metropolitan area hospital. Demographic data, neuromuscular response, and PNS train of four (TOF) on adductor policis nerve were documented. Additionally, the patient was observed to identify signs of residual paralysis. Results: Ten subjects, with a mean age of 44 participated. None of the participants presented signs of residual paralysis after being monitored with TOF. There was no airway obstruction, moderate or severe hypoxemia, signs of respiratory distress, or inability to breathe deeply or the need for re-intubation. Practice Implication: Performing TOF measurements with PNS throughout the anesthesia process is a simple practice that minimizes the risks of residual paralysis, allowing adequate recovery at the end of surgery.